Hip arthroscopy is suited for a wide range of conditions such as symptomatic acetabular labral tears, hip capsule laxity and instability, chondral lesions, osteochondritis dissecans, ligamentum teres injuries, snapping hip syndrome, iliopsoas bursitis, and loose bodies. An arthroscopy procedure allows the doctor to see the hip joint without having to make a large incision. A small camera is inserted into the joint through the incision, as a result the patient typically has less pain and a faster recovery. Although hip arthroscopy has been performed for many years, it is not as widely practiced as knee or shoulder arthroscopy.
Femoroacetabular impingement has recently been linked to early osteoarthritis of the hip, and hip morphology is an ideal method for treating this type of injury. There are two types of femoroacetabular impingement, cam impingement and pincer impingement. Cam impingement is caused when the femoral head is not completely round, which hinders the rotation inside the acetabular labrum. Pincer impingement is when the acetabular cartilage extends over the labrum, potentially crushing the labrum.
Hip replacement is typically performed when a patient has severe pain due to a fracture or arthritis. Depending on the needs of the patient, a hip replacement will involve a single incision a few inches long directly over the hip joint, or a few much smaller incisions which is referred to as a minimally invasive hip replacement.
The most common cause for someone to receive a hip replacement
is a result of hip arthritis, which is a degenerative condition affecting the hip joint and can cause severe pain. In general, the initial treatment for hip arthritis includes modifying activity, incorporating specific exercises, and use of anti-inflammatory medications. Additional assistance with devices such as canes, crutches or walkers can also be beneficial. If the initial treatments are ineffective, surgical reconstruction such as total hip replacement is necessary.
To further educate yourself
on hip procedures, read below or visit the patient education